Volume Thirty-Seven

No. 1


January, 1996


Slowly They Reappear

By Robert Popeck


As slowly as the windmills disappeared from our community, they are making a reappearance in our downtown.

Even the small group of people who do not think we should have windmills in our downtown cannot dampen my spirits to carry on this wonderful historic project. Seeing the windmills rise and noting the favorable looks and words of encouragement from young and old alike make it all worthwhile.


1.jpgThanks go first to those who have so generously donated funds to this project. Without their generosity, this undertaking would not have been possible. Another group whom I now call friends consists of those windmill collectors throughout the country who heard my appeal for bringing this part of our heritage back to Batavia. Their extra effort to locate the windmills as quickly as they did made the dream come true faster than even the most optimistic of us expected. Last, but far from least, are the members of my volunteer corps of local windmill enthusiasts, who have given many hours to restore and erect the most extraordinary dis-play of historic artifacts in the area.


I want to acquaint you with what is now on exhibit in and around the Riverwalk and the Municipal Building. Our windmill court fittingly stands adjacent to the old Appleton factory (now the City Hall and Police Depart-ment), displaying an outstanding ex-ample from each of the three major windmill companies -- the Appleton, Challenge, and U.S. Wind Engine and Pump companies.


To the north of this court along the west bank of the pond, standing tall on its 32-foot tower, is a Challenge "27." This windmill will actually be a working display of what a windmill did. School children and others will be able to watch the windmill lift water from its well beneath the tower and fill the pond; the overflow will slowly cascade down to the river over the limestone spillway. Toward the east is our 10foot Challenge "OK," most appropriately placed just a stone's throw from where it was built about 1885.


We have several more mills yet to be erected. The one I especially want to point out is our big red Model "E" built by the Wind Engine and Pump Company. This mill left Batavia long ago for Colorado, where it was utilized over many years on a large ranch to pump water for cattle and horses. Finally it was abandoned and in dire need of T.L.C. to restore it. That came from a family in Lamar, Colorado, whose members love windmills; this mill was so special to them that they restored it to tip-top condition and dis played it on the main street of Lamar. We were able to purchase it and bring it home to Batavia where it will be placed in a prominent posi-tion next to the City Hall.


The love shown by that family who restored this spe-cial windmill is also demonstrated by another family, this one from Batavia. Art and Marian Swanson and their sons, Wayne and Dennis, decided to finance the purchase of this mill because of Art's many years of service with the U.S. Wind Engine and Pump Company. Their contribution was large enough to help acquire the rare "Halladay Vaneless" mill, as well, that now stands within our windmill court.


"Thank you" is not enough for us to say about the Swanson family's wonderful gift. I do know that this spring, when the Model "E" is erected, Art Swanson will be there to see it take its first breath of Batavia wind. And I'll make a little wager that, if we listen really hard, we will hear it say, "I am home."

Lincoln Dinner Reminder


On Sunday evening, February 4, the Heritage Committee of ACCESS will hold its Eighth Annual Lincoln Dinner Theater, featuring a dramatic presentation by the With Lincoln Productions of Chicago, at the Lincoln Inn. Don't miss this always popular occasion. Tickets, which include dinner, gratuity and theater, can be purchased for $17 at the Batavia Park District office or by calling Lee Moorehead at 879-8441.

What's New with the Newsletter?


The Batavia Historian is back -- and will stay! That is the big news. Some of you reminded us that we had fallen down in getting out timely newsletters the last year or so, and we are truly sorry. Recognizing the newsletter's importance in carrying out the Society's mission and in keeping our members informed and involved, your officers and directors are taking steps to see that issues will be mailed out at least quarterly. Bill Hall has agreed to help Bob Popeck in seeing that this gets done. Future issues, we hope, will improve, but our main desire for this one is to initiate prompt communica tion -- and learn what you want.


A number of the Society's members and other readers of the news letter are not current Batavia residents, and we shall try to keep this in mind in what we include. Besides the sought-after reminiscences and anecdotes involving residents, places and events from our city's past, the newsletter will feature exciting developments regarding such places as the ice skating pond, whlch enjoys such a special place in the memories of old-time Batavians.


We shall also focus on such current activities of the Society as its role in the installation of windmills in the Riverwalk, its ongoing involvementin the Depot Museum, its work on old court records, and what takes place at its meetings. Although not always exciting, perhaps, we shall also include minutes of Board meet-ings so that everyone is apprised of what your officers and directors are doing and planning.


Contributions to the newsletter will be received with open arms: just send them to Bob Po peck at the City Hall or to Bill Hall at 345 N. Batavia Avenue. Or, if you know something that would make a good story but do not feel like writing it yourself, call Bill at 879-2033 and he will see that it gets written up.


Either Bob or Bill will also welcome any suggestions you may have regarding future newsletters. We need your help and support if the newsletter is to make the vital contribution that it should.


By WilIiam J. Wood


In the early evening hours of January 26, 1869, Samuel Clemens / Mark Twain began a letter to Livy, his soon-to-be wife. Date-lined "Batavia, Illinois," he finished it in the early morning hours of the 27th after delivering a lecture to a Batavia audience, site and topic still unknown. In his wildest dreams he surely could not have envisioned that on January 18, 1996, Jeffery D. Schielke, Mayor of Batavia, would be reviewing "The Mark Twain Papers: Mark Twain's Letters, Volume 3, 1869" in which his letter is reproduced.


In preparing publicity for Mayor Schielke's presentation, Mark Johnson, Batavia reporter for the Aurora Beacon-News, researched the February 4, 1869, edition of the Beacon and found that his 1869 counterpart had mentioned Twain's lecture, but only as a footnote to more vital news of the day. As a newspaperman, Twain would be understanding that news of his lecture would be overshadowed by a "disgraceful occurrence" in which "one of a self-constituted Vigilance committee came to grief."


Barney Vermilyer, the planned re-cipient of a coat of tar and feathers declined the honor. After the committee ransacked his home on North Washington Ave. and tracked him to the cellar, Vermilyer fired three shots, injuring the leader, Bill Noakes, who resided on North Van Buren Street. "Upon the fall of their valiant leader, the rest of the group made a hasty charge away from there that made Sheridan's celebrated ride seem slow in comparison. They stood not upon the order of their going but went as though the devil was after them.


"The Batavia correspondent, known only as "Ben," had a way with words bequeathed to his 1996 successor. Ben added that the matter was turned over to the grand jury, which did not bode well for Noakes as "mob law and vigilance committees are decidedly unpopular just now." It was reported that Twain's lecture was a "success pecuniarily and otherwise."



1896 in Review

By Marilyn Robinson


A century ago Batavia was a thriving industrial town third in size only to Elgin and Aurora. Politi-cally, it was a Republican stronghold. As such, it was demanding a county officer. Frank E. George had been a good county supervi-sor, so in the primary election with the support of Geneva Re-publicans, George was cho-sen to run for County Recorder. He had been edu-cated in Batavia and was a successful grocery store owner with his father, Frank K. George.




In October there was a huge political demonstration in downtown Batavia sponsored by the Swedish-American Republicans from Batavia, Aurora, and Geneva. The rally included bands and a torchlight parade and helped elect Mr. George and President William McKinley. Of the 1110 local votes cast in Novem-ber, McKinley received 856 votes, and the Democrat, William Jennings Bryan, 203.


In February, the Knights of Pythias Lodge was initiated. It would meet in the GAR Hall until its own building was se-cured. The Rebekah Lodge of the Lodge of Odd Fellows was initiated in November. The cornerstone of the Holy Cross Church on Wilson Street was laid August 2. Dr. Annie Spencer came to practice medicine after leaving her practice in New York.


Her specialty was women's diseases. Public utilities were coming into their own. Telephone companies were beg-ging the city to let them run poles and lines to furnish service to the city. Piped water was new. The U.S.W.E. & P. Co. applied to the city for water to supply their boilers and for drinking purposes in their factory.


M.M. Kinne & Co. wanted water for basin purposes in its store. Firemen asked the city to have water run to their residences free of charge while they were employed by the city. Aldermen felt a need to extend the water mains. A fire hydrant was placed at Main and Lincoln Streets. Miss Ella Beach ap-plied to the city for electric lights in her residence on Walnut Street. Homeowners along the north side of Houston Street petitioned the city for concrete sidewalks from Lincoln to Jackson Street. The other side wanted its walk to reach Harrison Street.


The finest drinking fountains in Kane County for livestock and people were placed on Batavia Avenue. They supplied drinkers with pure, cool water from the rocks 1300 feet below. The fountains cost $100. The money came from cash that had been raised several years earlier for a 4th of July celebration that never took place. The city spent $16,577.62 during 1895 and received $17,183. Q4, leaving a balance in the city treasury of $606.02 to start 1896.


Instead of unsightly vehicles, their were bad barns. Dr. J. C. Augustine, health officer, reported that Ben Borg's cow barn was very offensive to the neighborhood, and police officers were told to notify Mr. Borg to clean and keep clean his barn.


Some new businesses opened during 1896. P.G. Pearson had a very fine greenhouse with 6,000 feet of ground under cultivation or glass opposite the West Side cemetery. W. O. Jones opened a hardware business in the Walt Block. Fred Ries opened a manufactory to make sun bonnets and aprons, employing 100 women to sew the garments -- many of which went to Chicago for sale. The Batavia Road Bicycle Race (to Aurora and back) was covered in 32 minutes, a new speed record.


The Aurora, Batavia and Geneva Electric Street Railway was opened October 24. The half hour ride between Aurora and Batavia was one of the prettiest in the state, running along the beautiful Fox River. The fare was 10 cents. The ride ran each hour. In Batavia the cars ended near the Revere House on South Batavia Avenue, but they would soon run to Geneva as the railway company had permission to lay tracks to the north edge of Batavia. Nine students graduated from East Batavia High School and five from West Batavia High School.


A major debate all year concerned whether city saloons should remain open. In December, the No-license sup-porters seemed to win. The council re-fused to renew the licenses of the city's 6 saloons. Arguments for keeping them open were that they put $6,000 into the city treasury in license fees and an ad-ditional $500 for electricity and water.


This was a serious loss to the city coffers and might not bring about the morality and sobriety that the No-license people hoped. It would vacate 6 store buildings and throw 20 people out of employment. It would cripple business and drive it to neighboring cities that still had licensed saloons. With drink so accessible, the closing of the saloons would not keep local drunkards from drinking.



Our Growing Membership


Members are the lifeblood of our organization. It is not a matter of collecting dues (although we do welcome those); rather, it is a matter of having people who are interested in Batavia's history and want to preserve it for future generations. For those who wish, we offer a variety of activities such as volunteering as a museum docent or helping with the project on court records, and many people enjoy these opportunities to meet others and to learn more about Batavia's history. We always welcome people, however, whose only interest lies in attending our meetings and other functions.


Although we are growing, we need a broader membership, particularly among the younger people in our community. Those with young families may not be able to participate actively in all the Society's activities, but we should get them interested and involved, to the extent they can be, at an early stage. Gifts of memberships to friends and relatives is a good, and relatively inexpensive way, to increase our rolls; it is easier for many people to give a membership than it is to ask someone to join. And then, of course, those who make the gifts should follow up by inViting these new members and others to join them in attending Society functions. If we do a good job and are lucky, those we invite may get "hooked" on our program and become lifelong members.


During 1995, the Society welcomed the following new members (all from Batavia unless otherwise indicated):


Richard Anderson family (Oswego)

Kerry F. Bailey family (reinstated)

Barbara M. Brown (St. Charles)

Randa Duncan

Susan Dwiggins

Susan Farr

Charles Gillenwater William and Ellen Hamilton

John and Heather Hamilton-Dryden

John Heath (Aurora)

Ruth Luettich Henrichs

James and Mary Lundin

Howard Miner and Jeane Roberts

Nancy Prichard

W. T. Springborn

Donna Videtech

Jennifer L. Warta

Ed and Nancy Weiss (Aurora)


In addition, the following persons (most of whom were already members) have become Life Members:


Richard and Lois Benson

Marvin and Carole Dunn

Barbara Hall

Ruth Hamper

Marilyn Robinson



During 1995, the Society unfortunately lost members through death. Some of these had given devoted service to the Society and other orga-nizations in Batavia over many years and will be sorely missed. Our losses included:


Elizabeth (Peg) Bond

Warren Hubbard

Martha May Lundberg

Grace R. Oregon

Agnes Perrow


There may be some deaths of which we are unaware, especially among those members who no longer live in this area. If any reader knows of other deaths during the last year, please let us know and we shall report them in the next newsletter.

New Life for Ice Skating Pond


Batavia's ice skating pond, known in recent years as the Depot Pond, has long enjoyed a special place in the hearts of5.jpg our people. Indeed, the painting of the pond filled with skaters, which appeared on the cover of the January 11, 1958, Saturday Evening Post, has been one of our claims to fame. As many of you know, the original painting now hangs in the Depot Museum, and long-time residents enjoy pointing out themselves, their families, and their friends in the large, lively group shown skating.


In recent years, however, the banks of the pond had deteriorated, and freezing had been hampered by salty run-off from storm sewers. It was fitting, therefore, that the Riverwalk Committee gave a high priority to the renovation of the pond -- and especially since the Riverwalk itself will ultimately overlook the pond. The initial work, scheduled for completion in the fall of 1995, was to consist of a six foot wall of stone bricks surrounding the pond and a new sluice gate controlling the flow of storm water into the pond.


Timely completion of the work was frustrated by four failures of the tem-porary dams at the north end, required to drain the pond so that the wall could be built. Finally, however, volunteers and a construction crew have been able to complete the wall, and hopeful skaters are now only awaiting weather that will create the necessary six-inch layer of ice. In the meanwhile, all of us can all enjoy the attractive appearance of the new wall.


Next spring, the Riverwalk Commit-tee will complete work on the pond, with the installation of the electrical and plumbing work for the warming house and fountain at the entry court. A landmark will not only have been saved, it will have been improved.

Marilyn Robinson: Citizen of the Year and Again an Author


Marilyn Robinson, the Society's retiring vice president -- and still a very active board member -- was much in the news at the close of 1995. The Batavia Chamber of Commerce honored her as the 1995 Citizen of the Year at its December 8 annual awards dinner.


As reported in The Batavia Republican: "(Marilyn) Robinson, a former business industrial teacher and chairman of applied arts at Batavia High School, retired from teaching in 1988. However, she has been anything but inactive since her retirement.


Robinson has worked hard for the Batavia Foundation for Educational Excellence and the Batavia Historical Society and is a published author. She also has contributed columns to the Windmill Herald newspaper."


Marilyn strongly believes that "everybody needs to know where they came from. People can't have a sense of how things currently are without understanding the past." She certainly has put that philosophy in practice in her work for the community and in her writing. Batavia is richer because she is here - and contributes.


6.jpgAlthough we know that she will not receive this same award again, we know that she will continue meriting it. Congratulations, Marilyn, and thanks!


Then, as if recognition as Citizen of the Year was not enough for one month, Marilyn's most recent book, Batavia Places and the People Who Called Them Home, arrived from the printer in early December.


A number of people had reserved copies in advance; for those who were present at the December 12 museum volunteer luncheon, Marilyn signed "hot off the press" copies.


The Society arranged a formal signing at the Depot Museum on the afternoon of December 17. Many people braved the frigid weather, bought copies for Marilyn to sign, and enjoyed visiting with her and others while indulging in Christmas cookies and coffee.


Copies of this book are available at the Batavia Park District office. They can also be obtained at Town House Books in St. Charles or directly from Marilyn at 1418 Clybourne Street, Batavia 60510. The cost of the book is $24.95. If it must be mailed rather than delivered or picked up locally, please add $3.00 for first-class postage.







The Museum: Our Society's Center


When we asked Carla Hill, the Depot Museum curator, to write about the annual volunteer luncheon, we received a bonus -- an offer "to write a museum oriented article any time." Needless to say, we accept the offer, and you will be finding stories about the museum as a regular feature in future newsletters. The museum lies at the heart of the Society's activities. Five afternoons each week, March through November, volunteers staff the museum. Even these volunteers, often old-time Batavians who have filled this role for many years, are always finding out something new about our history. Carla creates exciting new special exhibits several times a year. And visi-tors, many of them newcomers or school children, are always asking questions that require consultation or research for answers.


Carla described the recent volunteer luncheon in the following words: "On Tuesday, December 12, the Depot Museum volunteers came to-gether for the annual Christmas lun-cheon. A delicious lunch was provided by Reuland's Catering in Aurora, and magician, Matthew Scherer, and pia-nist, David Kellen, provided the en-tertainment. The museum is very fortunate to have 70 volunteers who are the real life and character of the museum. Without volunteers the museum could not function. May Lundberg was one of those dedicated volunteers who for many years took on the arduous task of scheduling the museum volunteers. She unfailingly made the monthly calls, prepared the schedules and made sure that they were ready to be sent. She will be sadly missed.


I look forward to a great 1996 season beginning on Monday, March 4th!" New volunteers are always wel-come; just call May Lundberg's suc-cessor, Kathy Fairbairn (406-9041), or Carla Hill (879-5235). No experience or even long-time residence in Batavia is required. Serving is fun, lets you meet people, and acquaints -- or reacquaints -- you with various aspects of Batavia's history and traditions. It takes only two hours a month, and schedules, drawn up monthly, accommodate volunteers' travel or other personal commitments. And, even if you don't feel that you can volunteer, be sure to visit the museum regularly. Surprisingly, even some active Society members occa-sionally admit they haven't visited the museum for months, even years. They are missing a lot!



1995 Annual Meeting and Christmas Dinner

By Francine McGuire-Popeck


The Society's Annual Meeting pro-vides an opportunity for its members to conduct business in a warm and friendly atmosphere surrounded by good friends, homemade food, lively round-table discussion, and enjoyable entertainment. Our December 3, 1995, meeting held all of the right ingredients.


Members gather early to add their potluck entrees to long buffet tables and talk with friends while arranging their own place settings. The tableware members choose to bring ranges from picnic style to fancy china. Some members even bring Christmas plates and cups to go along with the seasonal table decorations provided by the committee that organizes and prepares for the evening. During the business meeting, the Nominating Committee submitted names to fill available positions for officers and the board.


The members approved the following slate:


• Vice President: Patricia Will (formerly Recording Secretary)

• Recording Secretary: Francine McGuire-Popeck

• Corresponding Secretary: Georgene Kauth

• Historian: William J. Wood

• Directors: Marilyn Robinson (formerly Vice President), Carole Dunn, Timothy Mair


The terms of Robert Popeck, Presi-dent; William D. Hall, Treasurer; and Ray Anderson, Director, did not expire; they continue to hold those positions. The business meeting was preceded by lively entertainment from The Batavia Faculty Jazz Ensemble, under the directorship of Michael Stiers. Mr. Stiers added an informative historical notation before each of the songs played by the band; this supplemented our enjoyment of the great jazz tunes with an educational note. The band ended its performance with a Christmas carol sing-along that helped give the holiday season an early start for many of us.



Some Great Gift Suggestions


Your Society has some wonderful items for sale, items that anyone would treasure for years to come.

We know. We're late and missed the Christmas Season. But there are al-ways other occasions; Valentine's Day, Easter, and maybe a birthday are coming up. Perhaps you can even treat yourself to a gift of lasting value.


Late last year, the Society obtained - and is the sole source for -- a beautiful print: Gazebo on the Pond. This 28 by 22 inch color print, from a painting by Geneva artist Bonnie Christensen, would make a lovely adornment for the home or office of any Batavian, or any-one who once called Batavia home and cherishes memories of the old ice skating pond. The print sells for $80; for a person who may be looking for something really special, the original is also available -- for $1-,600.


Our well-known author, Marilyn Robinson, has just published a new book, Batavia Places and the People Who Called Them Home. This book includes both updated items that originally appeared in the Windmill Herald over the last few years and some new material. There are also other books for sale by authors Robinson, Roberta Campbell and Thomas Mair.

These items are all for sale at the Batavia Park District office, 327 W. Wilson, or at the Depot Museum after it reopens on March 4.

County Records Project

By Marilyn Robinson


The County Records Project at the Campana Building continues. The combined societies have been working for nearly three years. The probate records are all sorted, and in Batavia they have been boxed and indexed and are ready for researchers to use. Make an appointment with Carla Hill to see and use the records if you are doing family or historical research.

The court records are coming along slowly. We do see the pile shrinking, and there is no more filming to do. Batavia has many boxes of these records at the museum, but they are not yet indexed. I am working on them. Some are on my computer, but most are not. My lengthy illness last winter and other projects caused me to get far behind.

We work every Thursday on the second floor of the Campana Building.


Volunteers are always welcome, whether they stay for whole afternoon or for just a couple of hours. Batavia's shift is from 12:30 to 3:30, but you won't be turned away if you prefer to work in the mornings. The task is simple, and there's always several to show you what to do. Come in the front door of the building, follow the sign to the metal stairway. At the top of the first flight, turn left to the double doors across from the ladies room. It will be closed just because it makes it warmer in our workroom. You can't miss us from there.


Our members who frequently work at the project include Kathy Fairbairn, Evelyn Noreen, Marilyn Robinson, William Hall, and Elliott Lundberg. Others come infre-quently, but all are always welcome. Some non-member Batavians are regulars, so we have lots of fun.


Change in Dues Structures


Until this year, the Society's dues structure had remained un-changed for a number of years. During 1995, the Board of Directors voted to make changes, effective from the end of that year, as follows: Before




Questions have been raised about the reasons for change, especially since the General Fund that receives the dues has had a substantial excess of receipts over disbursements in recent years. As noted in the Treasurer's Comments on Financial Operations elsewhere in this newsletter, interest on investments constitutes the major part of the receipts in the General Fund.


Approximately three-quarters of the investments that produce this interest, however, actually relate to the Special Projects Fund. It has been suggested, as a means of preserving the Special Projects Fund for future major projects and even as a matter of equity, that consideration be given to allocating the applicable interest on these investments to the Special Projects Fund.


If that had been done for the fiscal year 1995, the General Fund would have shown only a slight excess of receipts over disbursements for the year -- an excess likely to disappear shortly with inflation and other factors. Even if no change were to be made in the allocation of interest, however, it is prudent to look ahead and plan for what might happen if a major part of the Special Project Fund were to be used -- say, for an expansion of the museum as may be required some day with the growth of the community and the museum's contents.


This would eliminate interest on which the Society has come to rely for its day-to-day operations. Thinking along those lines led the Board to conclude that a modest increase in the dues structure might be appropriate at this time. Even the impact of the one recently implemented would not necessarily be enough to bring the receipts and disbursements for normal day-to-day operations into balance, but it would be a step in the right direction.


In saying this, we are not suggesting that there is any present thought about future increases. Few not-forprofit organizations such as the Society can, or should ever be expected to, live on dues alone; we would need to look for other resources -- more fund-raising projects, for example.


Our most important asset is an interested, involved membership, and we would never want to establish a dues structure that would drive members away or discourage new ones from joining. We have many older members, some of whom go away for all or part of the year; although we hope that they will send in their dues on a timely basis, they need not fear that their names will be dropped from our mailing list because the date when their dues expires has slipped by.


In summary, it can perhaps be said that we are trying to introduce some long-range planning and a little prudence into our operations but are not about to focus exclusively on what is now commonly called the "bottom line."


The Society's financial operations are accounted for and reported in two funds. The General Fund reflects the day-to-day, recurring operations of the Society The Special Projects Fund (identified as the "Special Fund" in the accompanying financial state ments) covers receipts and expenditures for special projects that fall outside the Society's normal, ongoing operations.


The principal source of funds in the General Fund is interest. Under existing policy the general fund receives all the interest from the Society's investments The $8,160.39 of inter-est for the 1995 fiscal year represented about 75 percent of the General Fund's total receipts of $10,921.18.


The other principal receipts included $793 from dues and $1,040 from sale of Gazebo prints. Late in the fiscal year, the Society purchased 100 Gazebo prints for $3,550, to be resold at $80 apiece.


Thirteen of these had been sold through September 30, 1995; the General Fund receipts, as noted above, include $1,040 from these sales, and disbursements include $461 .50 as the cost of these prints.


The assets of the Society at September 30, 1995, included $3,088.50 as the cost of the 87 prints held for resale at that date. The largest General Fund disbursements for the year related to the operations of the museum. Under arrangements with the Batavia Park District, the Society pays for the security system; payments to Alarm Detection System and to Ameritech for the related telephone system totalled $900.07.


Museum insurance accounted for $428, and display material cost $451. Because of the substantial interest received on investments, the excess of General Fund receipts over disbursements totalled $6,986.84, which was added to the fund balance of the General Fund.


The Board's financial policy has established that the Special Projects Fund Projects should include all bequests and memorial donations, single donations in the amount of $100 or more, and those donations specifically designated for special projects under the fund. Expenditures from this fund are for nonrecurring expenses related to projects not customarily part of the operating expenses of the Society.


During the fiscal year ended September 30, 1995, the fund received generous donations of $23,067, of which $22,175 were designated for the purchase and installation of Batavia-manufactured windmills around the Municipal BUilding and the Riverwalk.


The identities of the donors are shown in financial statements; how-ever, it should be noted that the $10,000 attributed to Arthur W. Swanson (along with anouther $5,000 received after the end of the fiscal year) actually comes from the combined families of Arthur Swanson and his sons, Wayne and Dennis.


A total of $32,097.50 was expended for windmills and related costs during the fiscal year. Descriptions of these windmills are included in an article in this newsletter. Disbursements during the year exceeded receipts by $9,030.50, which resulted in a decrease of that amount in the balance of the Special Projects Fund.